‘Good evening and welcome to television.’
Television is surely the most amazing and influential invention of the modern age. Television (TV) is one of the most beloved telecommunications medium that transmits coloured or monochrome moving images, accompanied by matching audio. The word television is derived from an ancient Greek word τῆλε which means “tele”. And from Latin word “visio” which means sight. The history of television is an important one.
The first television
The first television (as we know it) was invented in 1927. It was first used in Australia in 1928 but introduced into homes in September 1956 by some dude in US (who grew up without electricity mind you). This same fellow banned his own kids from watching television! Stating that…
‘there’s nothing on it worthwhile, and we’re not going to watch it in this household, and I don’t want it in your intellectual diet,’ Philo T Farnsworth.
Despite the nineteen twenties release date, some of the technology used (such as the Nipkow disk) was invented back as far as 1884. In line with the release of the television, of course, had to come the release of the video camera.
What’s even more fascinating is that the first colour and even the first 3D television began to emerge all the way back in 1928. But it wasn’t until after some initial tests, NBC made its first field test of colour television in February 1941.
The invention of television became a part of human life in the late 1920s but as an experiment only. But this was several years before the real technology and invention of television were marketed.
Television was poised as ‘so important in its implications that it is bound to affect all society,’ by David Sarnoff, RCA President during the 1939 unveiling.
‘…a new art so important in its implications that it is bound to affect all society.’
The first television remote control
The world’s first remote control, Tele Zoom A few years later came the world’s first remote control. Of sorts. It was known as the Tele Zoom and its only function was that it could zoom in and was attached by a cord. The remote control that we are more familiar with, a wireless one that can change channels etc, was released in 1955.
In Australia during the mid fifties, after ABC, Channel Nine and Channel Seven had launched ‘…only 1 per cent of Sydney residents and 5 per cent of Melbourne residents owned a TV, a luxury that cost six to 10 times the average weekly wage,’ Sydney Morning Herald.
It was around the mid sixties when television started to surpass other mediums as a more trusted, reliable and turned to source of information and entertainment. During the late 1950s, television was considered as an important medium to sway and promote a public opinion and it continued to increase in influence.
History of flat screen television
Flat screens hit the market around 2005. And from there, TV units, broadcasting and the way we consume television briskly morphed into an all encompassing consumer fest. At the end of the 2000s, digital television transmissions gained some serious popularity across the world. Additionally there was more serious (and pleasing) development including the SD TV (standard definition TV) to HDTV (high definition TV). The developments and range in definition meant that resolution became much, much higher (and the picture incredibly clearer).
2010 saw a rise in use of the smart television and incorporated one of the best inventions to man, the internet. With this revolutionary development saw a big shift in the way we consumed, created and experienced television.
Some of us who were born in the early eighties or earlier might even remember a time when a television had a test pattern after midnight. And to “warm up” when it was switched on it made that glorious “zip” sound. Plus as you turned it off and it looked like someone had pulled the entire screen into a small hole at the back of the appliance. Fun times! Thankfully, television has twenty four hour programming or on demand capabilities these days.
It’s predicted that by 2021 (that’s actually only two years away) there will be 1.68 billion TV households worldwide. And with that a thousand billion dollar industry will continue to burgeon and shapeshift before our very eyes, literally.